Check out the many ways in which unarmed civilian protection is getting recognized and included in various resolutions, documents, and guidelines from the UN and some of its member states:
- United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations Department of Field Support, Guidelines: The role of United Nations police in protection of civilians (12 July 2017)
Particularly given the focus on community engagement and unarmed protection approaches, UN police should develop strong relationship with the civil affairs component, which can advise on the strategic and policy framework for operations and liaison with communities, helping to ensure cohesion and consistency across local-level mission actors.
- DPKO, DFS and DPA Policy on Child Protection in United Nations Peace Operations (June 2017)
Unarmed civilian protection refers to a strategy for the protection of civilians, localized violence reduction and supporting local peace infrastructures, in which unarmed, trained civilians live and work with local civil society in areas of violent conflict. The High Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations recommended that unarmed approaches must be at the forefront of United Nations efforts to protect civilians, including children.
- Die Bundesregierung, Prevent crises, manage conflicts, promote peace: Guidelines of the Federal Government (Berlin, Germany: 2017)
2.2.1. The Federal Government supports the further development of civilian approaches within the framework of the R2P concept and the reform of the United Nations architecture for promoting peace, as the high-level independent Panel on United Nations peace operations are required. It promotes in particular civilian peacekeeping as a tried and tested methodology to protect people from violence and serious human rights violations.
- Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, The Synthesis Report: Reviewing UN Peace Operations, the UN Peacebuilding Architecture and the Implementation of UNSCR 1325 (Oslo, Norway: 2016)
p.23 The privileging of the military response to violent conflict is counter-productive. All three reports offer a critique of the current privileging of huge, military-heavy peace operations. The current financing system favours this response to crisis and conflict, and this is exaggerated by the imperative to be seen to act quickly and decisively. All three reports see the UN’s preoccupation with militarised solutions as an obstacle to lasting peace and something that needs to change. The Global Study is very explicit with regard to the fact that militarised solutions, and the resulting militarisation of society, are detrimental to women’s security. This is a claim that is based on a solid body of research.
- Security Council resolution 2327, Renewing the mandate for the United Nations Mission in South Sudan, S/RES/2327 (16 December 2016)
Recognizing that unarmed civilian protection can often complement efforts to build a protective environment, particularly in the deterrence of sexual and gender-based violence against civilians, and encouraging UNMISS, as appropriate, and when possible, to explore how it can use civilian protection techniques to enhance its ability to protect civilians, in line with the UN Secretary-General’s recommendation [...]
- United Nations, Security Council, Special report of the Secretary-General on the review of the mandate of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan, S/2016/951 (10 November 2016)
(41) The Mission will also explore the use of unarmed civilian protection techniques to enhance its ability to protect civilians, in particular those threatened with sexual violence.
- United Nations, General Assembly, Mobilizing collective action: the next decade of the responsibility to protect: Report of the Secretary-General, A/70/999–S/2016/620 (22 July 2016)
(47) [W]e must bolster our investment in the broad range of peaceful tools available to protect populations affected by atrocity crimes.
- United Nations, General Assembly, Report of the Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations, A/70/19 (15 March 2016)
(247) The Special Committee underlines the relevance of unarmed strategies to protect civilians in peacekeeping operations [...] In this regard, and taking into account the positive contributions of unarmed civilian protection, the Special Committee stresses that peacekeeping missions should make every effort to leverage the non-violent practices and capabilities of local communities to support the creation of a protective environment.
- UN Women, Preventing Conflict, Transforming Justice, Securing the Peace: A Global Study on the Implementation of UNSC 1325 (New York: United Nations, 2015)
p. 153 Focus on Unarmed civilian protection: UCP is a methodology for the direct protection of civilians and violence reduction that has grown in practice and recognition. In the last few years, it has especially proven its effectiveness to protect women and girls [...]
p. 156 Recommends that the UN in collaboration with Member States, should: Promote women’s empowerment and non-violent means of protection, and taking into account the whole range of women’s protection issues and the interventions to address them—including women’s leadership and women’s empowerment—in mission planning, implementation, and reporting, as well as in policy discussions on the protection of civilians in the context of peace operations; Scale up their support to unarmed civilian protection (UCP) in conflict-affected countries, including working alongside peace operations.
- United Nations, General Assembly, Report of the High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operations on uniting our strengths for peace: politics, partnership and people, A/70/95-S/2015/446 (17 June 2015)
(86) Unarmed strategies must be at the forefront of United Nations efforts to protect civilians.
(105) With respect to protecting civilians, the Panel recommends that: (a) In view of the positive contributions of unarmed civilian protection actors, missions should work more closely with local communities and national and international non- governmental organizations in building a protective environment.
- General Assembly resolution 69/139, Follow-up to the Declaration and Programme of Action on a Culture of Peace, A/RES/69/137 (21 January 2015)
Noting the initiatives of civil society, in collaboration with Governments, to strengthen civilian capacities to enhance the physical safety of vulnerable populations under threat of violence and to promote the peaceful settlement of disputes [...]